Museum of Islamic Science & Technology History
A globe invites you inside for a visit at the entrance to the building, constructed on the basis of one of the most meaningful studies of the Arab-Islamic world. The world map was prepared on the basis of a global design commissioned by the order of Caliph al-Mamun (caliphate: 198-218 H. / 813-833 A.D.) and depicts the geography of the world recognized at his time with surprising accuracy. The discovery of Caliph Mamun’s map, the scientific studies conducted on it, the exhibition of the globe in the museum, as well as over 500 other works, are the result of the tireless research of Professor Fuat Sezgin, who founded the Institute for the History of Arab-Islamic Sciences as part of the Goethe University in Frankfurt in 1982.
Years of intensive scientific and historical studies on the Arab-Islamic manuscripts have laid the groundwork for the works exhibited in this museum, providing this unique scientific journey for the visitor today. These works, reflecting the scientific and technical developments of the period between the 9th to 17th centuries, have been meticulously prepared faithful to their details. First of all, the museum presents a worldwide novelty by offering the opportunity to follow the evolution of the history of science in different disciplines in a comprehensive manner. Works displayed with a systematic arrangement in the fields of astronomy, geography, navigation, time measurement, geometry, optics, medicine, chemistry, mineralogy, physics, technical, architectural and warfare, show that the great inventions and discoveries of the Arab-Islamic sciences – Arabic was the universal language of science in that period- found their way to Europe by a variety of ways and they were adopted there.
The history of science is presented to the visitor without interrupting its continuity; the fact that the innovations in the Arab-Islamic world were adopted by Europe becomes apparent when models representing both cultures are displayed side by side.
The distinguished historical scientific works of Islamic culture are seen and as well as explained in detail in several languages on the plaques. The Museum of Islamic Science and Technology does not present just some cursory information about the exhibited work to the visitors, following the trend of European museums; on the contrary, the visitor is invited to take the time to understand in depth this unique exhibition. The museum encourages the visitor to better know the work of Prof. Fuat Sezgi and to better understand the impressive world of Islamic science and technical history. His work was published in five volumes and in addition to German and French printings, the Turkish version has been available since 2007.