Panorama 1453 – The Museum Of Conquest

This is Topkapı, where the siege of Istanbul was the most difficult to overcome, where insurmountable walls were overrun, where the day awaited by the blessed soldiers transpired…Istanbul’s gate opening to the conquest…Here you will witness once again the conquest of Istanbul and sense the moment the soldiers entered into the city. You will see and touch the cannons cast by the Hungarian artillery master Urban, and imagine them exploding and bursting open the walls of Constantinople. You will hear and accompany Sultan Mehmet the Second’s thousands of soldiers calling out the greatness of God to the music played by the Mehter military band.

The painting at the core of the Panorama is set on a 38-meter-diameter dome. The picture that covers the inner surface of the dome is 2,350 square meters and it reaches a total size of 3,000 square meters together with the 3-D objects platform of 650 square meters set between the picture and the visitor platform. The visitor is surrounded from all directions.

The work on the panoramic painting of the museum started in 2005 and was completed in 2008. Eight artists contributed to this painting, which depicts 10,000 figures. The demolished areas on the city walls and the size of these segments are based on a report submitted on the restoration of the walls to Hızır Bey, the first mayor of Istanbul.

If a painting has a frame and a border, no matter how much of a sense of depth and three dimensional perspective it arouses in you you will still know its distance. In ISTANBUL 1453 Panoramic Museum the paintings have no borders, and therefore the viewer will not be able to perceive the real dimensions of the work by observing it with one’s usual optical perspective. The viewers experience a 10-seconds shock as they enter the platform. This is the result of the illusion caused by lack of reference to perceive the reality and dimensions of the painting, and the inability to find pivotal points such as a beginning or an end. This place gives people a sense of having entered a three-dimensional space despite the fact that they are in an enclosed space.