Considered as the work of the journeyman period of Mimar Sinan, the Suleymaniye Mosque was built between 1551-1557 as a dedication for Suleiman the Magnificent. The mosque is located in the Suleymaniye Social Complex, the second largest complex among the Ottoman complexes, at the highest point at the center that overlooks the Golden Horn, Marmara, Topkapi Palace, and the Bosporus. It is one of the quintessential examples of the classical Ottoman architecture. It has a quite modest appearance in terms of decorations.
Suleymaniye Mosque has 4 minarets. The reason for this is that Suleiman the Magnificent was the fourth sultan after the conquest of Istanbul, and the ten balconies on these four minarets indicate that he was the tenth sultan of Ottoman.
Address: Suleymaniye Mah. Prof. Siddik Sami Onar Cad. No:1, 34116 Fatih/Istanbul
HAGIA SOPHIA MOSQUE
Being among the most essential artifacts in the world of architecture that survived to this day, Hagia Sophia holds an important place in art with its architecture, magnificence, size and functionality. Hagia Sophia, the largest church Eastern Roman Empire has ever built in Istanbul, has been constructed thrice at the same location. It was initially named “Megale Ekklesia” (Grand Church), and then it was named Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) from the 5th century until the conquest of Istanbul. Megale Ekklesia, built in 360 by Emperor Constantinus II and the church of Theodosius II that was rebuilt in 415 were destroyed during the riots. The building, opened for worship as a church in 916 was transformed into a mosque in 1453 after the conquest of Mehmed II. Hagia Sophia was then transformed into a museum in 1935 on the order of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and the decree of the Ministerial Cabinet. It was opened for worship as a mosque with the new regulation made in 2020.
Address: Ayasofya Meydani No:1 Posta Kodu:34122 Sultanahmet – Fatih/ISTANBUL
THE BLUE MOSQUE
The Blue Mosque was constructed between 1609-1617 by the Ottoman Emperor Ahmed I at the historical peninsula in Istanbul. Its architect is Sedefkar Mehmed Aga. Also known as Sultan Ahmed Mosque, it is commonly known as “The Blue Mosque” among foreign tourists because of its predominantly blue decorations. The most important architectural and artistic feature of the mosque is that it is decorated with more than 20,000 Iznik style ceramic tiles. With the transformation of Hagia Sophia to a museum, the Blue Mosque became the primary mosque of Istanbul. As the first mosque of Turkey with six minarets and with its social complex, The Blue Mosque is one of the greatest buildings in Istanbul.
Address: Sultanahmet, Atmeydani Cad. No:7, 34122 Fatih/Istanbul
Located in Fatih district of Istanbul, Sehzade Mosque was built in memory of Prince Mehmed, the late son of Suleiman the Magnificent who passed away at a young age. The mosque, built between 1543-1548, is known as the work of Mimar Sinan during his apprenticeship years. Its 18.42 meter-wide dome is supported with 4 large semi-domes. It has two minarets, with two balconies for each minaret. Drawing great interest as the other works of Master Architect Mimar Sinan, the mosque stands out with its decorations.
Address: Kalenderhane, Sehzadebasi Cad. No:44, 34134 Fatih/Istanbul
Located at the entrance of the Grand Bazaar in Cemberlitas district, Nuruosmaniye Mosque was built between 1748-1755 by Mustafa Agha and his apprentice Simon Kalfa (Architect Simeon). It is the first mosque in Istanbul with baroque features. The mosque and its complex, built in a period when the effects of westernization started to appear in architecture, are considered to represent a breaking point in Ottoman architecture. “Nur-u Osmani” means “The Light of Ottoman Empire”. The courtyard of the mosque is used as a passageway between Cagaloglu and Cemberlitas.
Address: Mollafenari, Vezirhan Cad. No:4, 34120 Fatih/Istanbul
Fatih Mosque and Social Complex, located in the Fatih district founded on one of the seven hills of Istanbul, was built by Mehmed the Conqueror. The construction of the mosque started in 1462 and finished in 1469. Its architect was Sinauddin Yusuf bin Abdullah (Atik Sinan). The mosque was heavily damaged in the 1509 earthquake of Istanbul, and underwent restoration during Bayezid II period. Because it got demolished after the earthquake in 1766, Sultan Mustafa III had the mosque built between 1767 and 1771, thus the mosque gained its current form in 1771. It is thought that the Church of the Holy Apostles was found on the hill of the mosque during the Byzantine Era. First Turkish azan was chanted from this mosque in 1932. The tombs of several important individuals of the Ottoman Empire, especially the tomb of Mehmed the Conqueror, is found here.
Address: Ali Kuscu, Hattat Nafiz Cad. No:6, 34083, 34083 Fatih/Istanbul
YAVUZ SELIM MOSQUE
Yavuz Selim Mosque, one of the 7 sultan mosques on the 7 hills of Istanbul, was built in 1522 by Suleiman the Magnificent in dedication to his father Yavuz Sultan Selim (Selim I). Located in Fatih district, the mosque was built on the hill that is the nearest to the Golden Horn. It is considered that its architect was Mimar Ali. (There are three doors for the court of the mosque with trees and a large garden, which are Turbe Gate, Carsi Gate, and Kirkmerdiven Gate.)
Every part of Yavuz Selim Mosque was decorated with traditional Turkish artworks (Engraving, marquetry, ceramic works, ornamentation, calligraphy, embroidery). The details of works of engraving art found on the doors and windows, and the beauty of ceramics attract attention. There are two guest houses with nine domes next to the mosque, and a madrasa across them.
Address: Balat, Sultan Selim Cad. No:18, 34087 Fatih/Istanbul
EYUP SULTAN MOSQUE
Eyup Sultan Mosque and Tomb, located in Eyup district near the coast of the Golden Horn of Istanbul, was built on the order of Mehmed the Conqueror (Mehmed II) in 1458. It is known that there are components such as a madrasa, soup kitchen, bathhouse and a tomb in the social complex that the mosque, which was used as a place for enthronement ceremonies of Ottoman sultans, especially Mehmed II, is found. The bathhouse of the complex is the oldest Ottoman bathhouse that survived to this day. Eyup Sultan Mosque was planned as a rectangular structure and has a ridged mihrab. The tomb of Sahabah Eyup Sultan, an important figure for Muslims is found on the outer court of the mosque. Selim III restored the mosque that suffered damages through years. The construction started in 1798, and the mosque took its current form after 2 years. Eyup Sultan Mosque is considered as a very significant place of worship for Muslims from Istanbul and the other cities of Turkey for centuries.
Address: Merkez Mah. Cami Kebir Sok. No:1, 34050 Eyupsultan/Istanbul
BUYUK MECIDIYE (ORTAKOY) MOSQUE
Buyuk Mecidiye Mosque, located in Ortakoy, Besiktas at Istanbul, was built in 1853 by Sultan Abdulmejid. Featuring a Neo-Baroque architecture, the architecture of the mosque was designed by Nigogos Balyan and Garabet Amira Balyan. Commonly known as Ortakoy Mosque, the mosque is located in one of the most beautiful areas of the Bosporus. Its elegant mosaics and decorations were carefully crafted. Buyuk Mecidiye Mosque was opened for worship and visitors in 2014 after three years of restoration efforts carried out between 2011 and 2014. Ortakoy Mosque is one of the significant and precious architectural works of the Bosporus.
Address: Mecidiye, Mecidiye Koprusu Sok. No:1 D:1, 34347 Besiktas/Istanbul
THE NEW MOSQUE
As the mosque with the longest construction duration, New Mosque is located across the Spice Bazaar. The mosque’s construction started in 1589 by the wife of Murad III, Safiye Sultan and continued after some time in 1661 by the mother of Mehmed IV, Valide Turhan Sultan. The construction of the mosque completed in 1663. The New Mosque has a wonderful appearance with its architecture and craftsmanship.
Address: Rustem Pasa, Yeni Cami Cad. No:3, 34116 Fatih/Istanbul
GRAND CAMLICA MOSQUE
Located in Uskudar district of Istanbul, Grand Camlica Mosque’s construction started on 29 March 2013. It is the biggest mosque of the Republic. The mosque has a capacity of 63 thousand people, 6 minarets and an area of 57 thousand 500 square meters. There are also a museum, art gallery, library, a conference hall with a capacity of 1000 people, 8 art workshops, and a parking area with a capacity of 3,500 vehicles in the courtyard of the museum.
The main dome of the mosque was designed to be 34 meters wide to represent Istanbul, with a 72 meters of height to symbolize the 72 nationalities that lived in Istanbul.
Address: Ferah, Ferah Yolu Sok. No:87, 34692 Uskudar/Istanbul
Found in a quite crowded area in Eminonu district, Rustem Pasa Mosque was built in 1581 by Mimar. Famous for its Iznik pottery and its architecture, the mosque is found among the masterworks of the Ottoman Era and the important mosques of Istanbul. It underwent restoration after the earthquake and fires it suffered during Mustafa II period, and lost some of its original form in these restoration efforts.
Address: Rustem Pasa, Hasircilar Cad. No:62, 34116 Fatih/Istanbul
Built as one of the mosques for the dervishes during the Ottoman Era, Kalenderhane Mosque is located near the 12th century Bozdogan Aqueduct between Fatih and Beyazit.
Address: Kalenderhane, 16 Mart Sehitleri Cad. No:11, 34134 Fatih/Istanbul
SOKULLU MEHMED PASHA MOSQUE
At an area dominating the Historical Peninsula in Kucuk Ayasofya district, the mosque was constructed in 1557 by Mimar Sinan.
Address: Kucuk Ayasofya Mahallesi, 34122 Fatih/Istanbul
KILIC ALI PASHA MOSQUE
Kilic Ali Pasha Mosque, located in Tophane, Istanbul, Kilic Ali Pasha Mosque was constructed in 1580 by Mimar Sinan. Mimar Sinan got inspired from Hagia Sophia during the design of the mosque. The name origin of the mosque, Kilic Ali Pasha, was originally an Italian, who later converted into Islam to be a Muslim. He also served as the chief admiral during the periods of Suleiman the Magnificent and the three sultans. Kilic Ali Pasha Mosque is one of the most beautiful mosques of Istanbul with its beautiful Iznik pottery and the porch at its main gate.
Address: Kemankes Karamustafa Pasa, Kemeralti Cad. No:50, 34425 Beyoglu/Istanbul
MIHRIMAH SULTAN MOSQUE
Also named Iskele Mosque, Mihrimah Sultan Mosque is located right across the ferry port in Uskudar. It was built in 1548 by Mimar Sinan for the daughter of Suleiman the Magnificent and the wife of Sadrazam Rustem Pasha, Mihrimah Sultan. It is possible to see one of the most beautiful views of Istanbul from the shadirvan (fountain) of the mosque.
Address: Karagumruk, 34091 Fatih/Istanbul
Even though its builder and date of construction is not clearly known, it is thought that this mosque was formerly a church built on the ruins of Byzantine Empire in the 13th century by the Latins. Featuring a Gothic style, Arap Mosque was restored for the last time in 1868 and thus took its current shape.
Address: Azapkapi, Balat 34421 Beyoglu/Istanbul
ATIK VALIDE MOSQUE
Atik Valide Mosque was built on the highest hill of Uskudar in 1583 for the wife of Selim III and mother of Murad III, Valide Sultan Nurbanu. The mosque, which is the last grand work of Mimar Sinan, was designed similarly with Suleymaniye Mosque, and granite, ceramic and marble was used in its construction.
Address: Validei Atik, Toptasi Meydan Sok. No:1, 34664 Uskudar/Istanbul
Bayezid Mosque, constructed between 1501-1506, is the second mosque constructed after the conquest of Istanbul. The architect of the mosque built by Bayezid II is not exactly known. The mosque was restored by Mimar Sinan after suffering damages after the earthquake in 1509. The Imaret (soup kitchen) and caravansary of the mosque is used by Bayezid State Library. The madrasa building operates as the Museum of Calligraphy today.
Address: Beyazit, Yeniceriler Cad. 34126 Fatih/Istanbul
DOLMABAHCE MOSQUE (Bezm-i Alem Valide Sultan Mosque)
The mosque, located at Kabatas seaside, was built in 1852 by the wife of Sultan Mahmud II and the mother of Sultan Abdulhamid, Bezm-i Alem Valide Sultan. The architect of the mosque that was completed after a construction period of one year is Nikogos Balyan. It is possible to observe the traces of Western and Ottoman architecture of the 19th century in the mosque built using stone and marble. Dolmabahce Mosque was used as the Maritime Museum between 1948-1961, and was re-opened for worship after being restored in 1966.
Address: Omer Avni, Meclis-i Mebusan Cad. No:34, 34427 Beyoglu/Istanbul
YILDIZ HAMIDIYE MOSQUE
Built by the architect Sarkis Balyan between 1884-86 on the order of Sultan Abdulhamid II, the mosque is located in Barbaros Boulevard of Besiktas district. There is a Clock Tower found in the courtyard of the mosque, which was constructed in 1890.
Address: Cihannuma, Serencebey Yokusu No:63, 34353 Besiktas/Istanbul
PERTEVNIYAL VALIDE SULTAN MOSQUE
This mosque, which was constructed in 1871, for the wife of Sultan Mahmud II and the mother Sultan Abdulaziz, Pertevniyal Valide Sultan. The architect of the mosque, which is located near the intersection in Aksaray, Fatih, was the Italian Architect Monteni. The building features elements of Gothic, Indian, and Turkish architectural styles.
Address: Iskenderpasa, Ataturk Bulvari No:3, 34080 Fatih/Istanbul
Chora Mosque is known across the globe with its well-preserved mosaics and frescos. The mosque features the significant and elegant examples of the late Eastern Roman artistic period. The concept of depth on the mosaics and the mobile behavior found in the figures represent a superior artistic value that heralds the coming of the Renaissance in the Medieval Age. The building, which was formerly used as a museum, was transformed into a mosque with the governmental decree published on the Official Gazette on 21 August 2020.
Address: Kariye Mahallesi, Kariye Camii Sokak, No: 18 Edirnekapi / Fatih, Istanbul